If you live in an area where a municipal water system supplies water, you may be wondering whether you should go for well water instead. To make an informed decision, we suggest that you consider a couple of essential factors.
First of all, you need to decide on the quality of water. Both well water and city water comes with their own set of advantage and disadvantage. So you may want to make this decision after taking into account the advantages and disadvantages of each choice.
What Is Well Water?
According to some people, there is no difference between well water and groundwater. However, there is a technical difference between the two terms.
Primarily, groundwater is a type of filter water. Actually, groundwater goes through several layers of soil and rocks before is it is available to consume. The thing is that groundwater is collected in pockets inside the earth. These pockets are known as aquifers.
On the other hand, a well is dug in order to get access to these pockets of water. This is how water is pumped out of these pockets of water into your home.
Advantages Of Well Water
Now let's talk about some of the advantages of well water.
1. Cost-effective access
After the well has been dug and prepared, electric pumps are installed in order to pump water out of these wells. Therefore, the entire process is quite cost-effective. This approach helps reduce water supply bills that you pay every month.
2. Well water contains healthy minerals
We know that water is the building block of life on earth. According to experts, well water is healthy because it contains a lot of healthy minerals. Some of the most common minerals include selenium, silica, potassium, magnesium, and Calcium, just to name a few. Due to the minerals, groundwater has a pleasant taste.
3. Well water not treated with chemicals
Water from the Municipal supply is treated with fluoride and chlorine during the purification process. Although these two chemicals may not have a negative impact on your body in small quantities, you may still be at risk if you consume this type of water on a daily basis.
On the other hand, there will be no such problem if you drink groundwater. The thing is that groundwater is not treated with any type of chemicals. However, groundwater may still contain some unhealthy elements.
Disadvantages Of Well Water
Now let's talk about the Dark Side of well water.
1. Water level may go down
During the process of digging a well, the engineers continued until they reach groundwater. But the problem is that there is no guarantee that the well water will maintain its level for years to come. If the water level goes down, the water won't be accessible anymore. Eventually, there will be no water in the well.
2. Installation can be expensive
After you have set up a well, you will be able to access an inexpensive source of water for decades to come. However, the upfront cost of digging a well and setting up everything is quite high. As a matter of fact, the cost will be higher if the company has to dig deeper.
3. Well water may have a bad taste
All the minerals can help improve the taste of water, some of these minerals can negatively impact the taste of water. For example, if there is too much sulfur in the Well water, the water will taste bad.
4. No water in case of power outages
In the case of well water, you can use the traditional hand crank system for 24/7 access to water. But the problem is that it will cause you to depend on your electrical pumping system to supply water to your home. Therefore, if the electricity goes out, you won't be able to access water.
5. Harmful contaminants
Well water may contain a lot of harmful contaminants. Although groundwater is natural water, you cannot call it absolutely pure water. Different types of contamination can become part of your well water with the passage of time due to pollution. Chemicals and wastewater from industries may contaminate groundwater making it unsafe for regular consumption. Given below is the description of some common impurities found in well water.
As the name suggests, microorganisms are a type of tiny contaminants that you cannot see with your naked eyes. This is the reason they are not easy to filter route. Some common contaminants in this category include fungi, parasites, viruses, and bacteria. The most common source of these microorganisms is human and animal fecal matter.
2. Nitrates and Nitrites
Nitrites and nitrates are the most common ingredients found in fertilizers. Apart from this, human and animal fecal matter is another common source of these contaminants. Both of these ingredients have a negative impact on human health.
3. Heavy Metals
Groundwater contains a lot of healthy minerals. However, there is a difference between healthy minerals and heavy minerals. In large quantities, heavy minerals are bad for your health. Some of these minerals include chromium, antimony, selenium, arsenic, cadmium, lead, and copper. Although iron also falls in this category.
4. Organic Chemicals
Disposing of organic chemicals may also contain minute groundwater. These Chemicals are used in industries, agriculture, and households. Some of these Chemicals include disinfectants, solvents, sealants, inks, pharmaceuticals, paints, and dyes.
Radionuclides include natural and artificial radioactive elements. In most cases, they are produced during mining and nuclear power generation.
Fluoride may not cause any harm unless it is consumed in large quantities on a regular basis. According to experts, it is a type of neurotoxin that builds up in your body. The biggest source of this element is the city water.
Since groundwater contains a lot of harmful chemicals, it is essential to test well water for harmful contaminants on an annual basis. The idea is to make sure well water is suitable for regular consumption.
According to water filtration experts, homeowners should install water filters to filter their well water.
What Is City Water?
Municipal water refers to a type of water that comes from a wide range of freshwater sources like lakes and rivers. Afterward, it goes through a lot of treatments at a water treatment facility. The idea is to purify water and remove most of the unhealthy contaminants. After water treatment, water is sent to homes and businesses through a network of pipes.
Advantages Of City Water
Now, let's take a look at some primary benefits of city water.
1. EPA regulations
Unlike well water, city water is covered by a lot of EPA rules and regulations. In other words, this type of water should meet strict criteria to ensure equality. According to the environmental protection agency, city water should go through quality checks based on the given guideline.
2. No burden of maintenance
When it comes to installing a well, there are a lot of responsibilities to take care of. After all, well water involves some maintenance steps to make sure it leads to consumer demands. On the other hand, the responsibility of taking care of city water is on the shoulders of your local municipal water supply.